Yesterday on my travels I read a short book, Income Inequality: why it matters and why most economists didn’t notice, by Matthew Drennan. Professor Drennan is an urban planning expert, so having read the book’s blurb, I expected it to be a critique of the economics profession, and braced myself.
Income Inequality: Why it Matters and Why Most Economists Didn’t Notice
It ended up not being what I expected. In fact, the book repeats Raghuram Rajan’s argument in Fault Lines – that low-income Americans went into debt to increase their consumption levels as well as buy homes, keeping up somewhat with the rich thanks to easy credit. One of the central chapters has a long appendix reporting some econometric work claiming to establish causality between higher income inequality and higher debt. However, it is not sufficiently detailed to be able to assess the empirical work, while too technical to be of interest to the general reader. So the central section of the book is a bit odd.
It’s a fair cop to say the generality of the economics profession did not pay enough attention to rising income inequality. The biggest lasting impact of Piketty’s Capital in the 21st Century, and the work with Atkinson and Saez on which it was based, will turn out to have been consciousness raising. Nobody is ignoring it now. However, there are now several important books on this subject: as well as Faultlines and Capital in the 21st Century, Mian and Sufi’s House of Debt, Atkinson’s Inequality, Francois Bourguignon’s The Globalization of Inequality and Branko Milanovic’s forthcoming Global Inequality: a new approach for the age of globalisation. I didn’t find much novelty in Drennan’s Income Inequality, although it is at least a short introduction.
Above all, though, my reaction to the book wasn’t that it was about economics, more that it was about America. We do tend to forget that inequality is greater in the US than most other OECD countries, and has risen more. Perhaps it can act as the canary in the cage for the rest of us, but a good part of the story lies in US politics and institutions. After all, just look at the Republican primary contenders.