I recommend this Evonomics post about economics post-2008, and the kind of re-evaluation that’s been going on among economists, citing somewhat critically Noah Smith and also Dani Rodrik’s excellent Economics Rules. Author David Sloan Wilson complains: “All good, but there is something missing from the internet links that I just provided—any discussion of evolutionary theory.”
Economics Rules: The Rights and Wrongs of the Dismal Science
I couldn’t resist preening a little, for my 2007/2010 book The Soulful Science: What Economists Really Do and Why It Matters, has a whole chapter, Murderous Apes and Entrepreneurs, about the importance of the links between economics and evolutionary biology. This also forms one strand of my 2012 Tanner Lectures. In other words, I wholly agree with the argument of the Evonomics post, but thhink there has been a little bit more progress than it acknowledges.
Of course, formal evolutionary theorising is not part of the conventional economics mainstream, although it has some distinguished practitioners; but having said that informally it widely informs much business economics. There are also some leading economists who have been thinking about the overlap between economics and evolution. The ‘murderous apes’ of the chapter title was inspired by Paul Seabright’s brilliant The Company of Strangers: A Natural History of Economic Life; Wilson cites Robert Frank’s The Darwin Economy. There is also an active strand of research on complexity theory, which Paul Ormerod and Alan Kirman among others have written about.
The Soulful Science: What Economists Really Do and Why It Matters The Company of Strangers: A Natural History of Economic Life The Darwin Economy: Liberty, Competition, and the Common Good
Economics will have to be consistent with what we learn about human behaviour and decisions from other human sciences, not just the other social sciences, but also evolutionary biology, cognitive science and psychology.