Intellectual fuel for modern feminists

There is one welcome side-effect of the unspeakable online threats made to Caroline Criado-Perez over her successful campaign to get Jane Austen on the next £10 note. It is the realisation that feminists, male and female, still have a lot of work to do.

Over at the Teen Economists blog today Viva Avasthi has reviewed Virginia Woolf’s

, still a timely essay. The classic feminist text that opened my eyes in the 1970s was Simone de Beauvoir’s

Recently Sheryl Sandberg’s 

has gained a lot of attention. It’s quite good but puts all the onus for improving women’s economic standing on their individual actions; it omits discussion of the institutional barriers women face to progress at work and in society.

Another fairly recent book, startling in its findings, is 

by Linda Babcock and Sara Laschever. It reports research showing that part of the reason women’s pay is lower than that of comparable men is that, indeed, individual women need to ask for promotions and raises. The trouble is that when they do, they are disliked – it’s unfeminine, aggressive to put yourself forward, and male colleagues and bosses find other ways to punish women who do ask.

[amazon_image id=”069108940X” link=”true” target=”_blank” size=”medium” ]Women Don’t Ask: Negotiation and the Gender Divide[/amazon_image]

Other books include Arlie Hochschild’s

on the burden of unpaid domestic work, especially childcare, on working women; and Susan Faludi’s 
– old now but the backlash seems fiercer still now; and of course other classics of the 70s and earlier such as

There is of course also a large scholarly literature in economics on gender discrimination such as Claudia Goldin’s research, Heather Joshi‘s, Betsey Stevenson’s, and much more. Enough to know that it’s time to act again.


2 thoughts on “Intellectual fuel for modern feminists

  1. Quite sad to have this most unpleasant feeling of deja vu- I think a lot was achieved in first wave, but now anti feminism seems more ugly and aggressive. I feel for my daughters ( 17 & 19 ). But they are strong girls, so lets be hopeful.

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